What is an inspection control? Why is it necessary to pay for it?

Particular schemes of certification require inspection control in order to ensure long-term certificate. Inspection control is effected to reaffirm that the quality of the goods is in compliance with the statutory requirements during the whole period of certificate’s validity. Sometimes it is necessary to rearrange a site audit or to test samples again.

Who should be an applicant for TR CU certificates and declarations?

According to the Customs Union Technical Regulations, an applicant for a TR CU certificate or declaration may be only a legal resident of the Customs Union. In other words, it means that only a legal entity or an entrepreneur registered either in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia or Kyrgyzstan can apply for certification.
Being an applicant implies undertaking several responsibilities, such as product and damage liability, submission of authentic information on the object of certification.

Why do we need to obtain several approvals for one product?

Certification is a complicated procedure. You need to comply not only with EAC quality requirements, but consider national standards. For example, car immobilizers require all of the following documents:

a certificate of conformity with the TR CU 018/2011 “On safety of wheeled vehicles” – to confirm that the quality of the goods is in compliance with EAC legislation
GKRCH conclusion – as this device uses particular radio frequencies. This document is issued by the Ministry of Communication of the Russian Federation
FSB Notification – an official document notifying the Federal Security Bureau of the Russian Federation about encrypting features of a particular device.

All the above documents are mandatory for legal export and operation of this equipment within the Russian Federation.

Why do we need to include all items of the products when obtaining a certificate of conformity with TR CU 018/2011 “On safety of wheeled vehicles”? Why does the price of a certificate depend on the number of items?

TR CU 018/2011 requires identification of products which are subject to certification. It results in a lot of problems for manufacturers as usually their product range is quite extensive and includes thousands of different models. However, a certification authority is not able to issue a certificate for unidentified goods because they bear responsibility for the quality of all the goods indicated in a certificate.

According to TR CU 018/2011, a certificate of conformity is issued based of test reports. The bigger the list of spare parts is, the more tests are required. Therefore each additional test report raises the cost.

What is a Safety Justification?

A Safety Justification is a document containing analysis of possible risks as well as technical information on measures of ensuring safety of the equipment subject to certification. According to such Technical Regulations of the Customs Union as TR CU "On safety of machinery and equipment" (ТR СU 010/2011) and TR CU “On safety of the equipment operating under excessive pressure” (TR CU 032/2013), a Safety Justification is a mandatory document required for a certificate of conformity.

What is a Technical Passport?

Technical passport is a document containing the following information:

  • Manufacturer’s warranties

  • Technical specification and characteristics, as well as information regarding certification and disposal method

  • Technical condition of the device when it is brand-new, during operation and after maintenance and overhaul.

A technical passport is required for equipment operating in hazardous production facilities.

Who determines what type of EAC approval – a certificate or a declaration is required for export of the goods?

Every Technical Regulation has a list of goods which are subject to quality confirmation procedure and indicates what type of approval is required. Moreover, an HS code and Technical description are considered by a certification authority when making a decision on what type of approval is required under a particular Technical Regulation.

Is it possible to avoid a site audit?

Sometimes a certificate can only be issued on the basis of a site audit protocol – that is a document made up by a certification expert when inspecting production site of the manufacturer. However, different Technical Regulations stipulate different requirements for the necessity of site audit. Depending on the risk class of the equipment, sometimes it is possible to avoid it, but instead testing of samples or submission of ISO certificate may be required.

What an expert does during inspection of the site audit?

When inspecting a production site, an expert studies all technical and internal documents of the plant, for example organization’s standards and instructions on manufacturing of product, documents regarding content of control parameter of input products, periodical inspection, scope of control, methods of control, registration of control’s results and so on. As a result, a Production Study act is developed, on the grounds of which a certificate is issued.

What is EAC certificate?

EAC Certificate (or EAC Declaration) confirms conformity with the technical regulations of the Customs Union (TR CU). It replaced GOST certification system in 2015.  Unlike previous GOST Certificate, which was valid only in Russia, EAC Certificate (or EAC Declaration) is valid in all countries of the Customs Union (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan). EAC Certificate (or EAC Declaration) is required for import in the Customs Union (at customs clearance and for sale).

EAC = EurAsian Community

Is pattern approval certificate for Russia valid in all other countries of the Customs Union?

Pattern approval certificate is valid only within the country where it is issued. Every country has its own requirements for measuring tools which are to be included in the special Register.

Is a Fire Safety certificate for cables mandatory?

Not long ago it was mandatory to obtain a Fire Safety certificate for cables. According to TR CU regulation, cables are subject only to TR CU 004/2011 "On safety of low-voltage equipment". However, a certificate is to be issued after conducting fire safety tests. The main problem here is that not all certification authorities have a properly equipped laboratories to conduct such tests. Therefore we strongly recommend you to obtain a Fire Safety certificate on the basis of which it is possible to get a TR CU certificate.

How to get started
We often receive requests for translation of technical files (operation manual, data sheet, brochure, technical passports etc.). They may be required for certification purposes or for product marketing.
New text of Technical regulation of Belarus “Means of telecommunication. Security” (TR 2018/024/BY) is coming into force on January 1, 2019. It contains obligatory procedure for certification and declaration of the telecommunication means.
In order to obtain some EAC (TR CU) certificates, site audit is required. During site audit experts from a certification body and laboratory visit production site and check implementation of manufacturing standards. Experts check presence of the documents confirming that the certified products are manufactured at an enterprise. Here is a general list of documents that may be asked.